Upland Game Animals
Cottontail - Statewide, except Eastern Sierra
Mountain Cottontail - Valleys and foothills of Eastern Sierras through Cascades. "Nuttall's Cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii)"
Desert Cottontail - in California Southern deserts
Brush Rabbit - along California Coastal Regions
Pygmy Rabbit - Great Basin desert areas NE California "BRACHYLAGUS
White Tailed Jackrabbit "Common snipe fencepost"
Black Tailed Jackrabbit "Jackrabbit2 crop"
Snow Shoe Rabbit - Summer, "Lepus americanus 5459 cropped"
Snow Shoe Rabbit, Winter "Snowshoe Hare, Shirleys Bay"
Fox Squirrel "Sciurus niger"
Gray Squirrel "Western Gray Squirrel"
California Ground Squirrel
Golden Mantled Ground Squirrel "Goldmantelziesel"
Belding Ground Squirrel Central to Northern Sierras
Townsend's Ground Squirrel
Porcupine "Porcupine Cabelas Springfield"
Pocket Gopher "Pocket-Gopher Ano-Nuevo-SP"
There are over 30 species in the Americas; if you have identified a specific species, include a photo with key chart distinctions with your small game app.
Mole "Talpa europaea MHNT"
Norway Rat "Rattus norvegicus 1"
Bushy Tailed Wood Rat, Pack Rat "Neotoma cinerea"
Dusky Footed Wood Rat "Neotoma fuscipes"
Other non-game, non-furbearing species may be taken if they are not listed as threatened or endangered.This includes the disparate species of mice, rats, and other burrowing animals, gophers, moles and ground squirrels. For help in identifying ground squirrels. A photo should be included with submission along with the location of kill to aid the Small Game VP in confirming the identity of your harvest.
Mountain Beaver (Aplodontia rufa) The mountain beaver (Aplodontia rufa) is a North American rodent. It has several common names, including: aplodontia, boomer, ground bear, and giant mole. The name sewellel beaver comes from sewellel or suwellel, the Chinookan term for a cloak made from its pelts. This species is the only living member of its genus, Aplodontia, and family, Aplodontiidae. It should not be confused with true North American and Eurasian beavers, to which it is not closely related
Muskrat "Muskrat Foraging"
Least Weasel "Mustela nivalis"
Short Tailed Weasel, Stoat "Mustela erminea upright"
Striped Skunk "Mephitis mephitis"
Spotted Skunk "Spilogale putorius"
Gray Fox "Urocyon cinereoargenteus"
Red fox, its color phases, kit fox, channel island fox, ringtail cat, martens, fishers, otters, and wolverines MAY NOT BE TAKEN.
Upland Game Birds
California or Valley Quail "California quail"
Mountain Quail "Oreortyx pictus"
seasons, limits, closures, and archery regulations may differ by sex of bird. The ringneck is the only pheasant in America, although there are at least 30 subspecies.
Sage Grouse "Centrocercus urophasianus"
Ruffed Grouse "Bonasa-umbellus"
Blue Gruse - Two Sub Species
Dusky Blue Grouse "Dendragapus obscurus"
Sooty Blue Grouse "Dendragapus obscurus"
Willow Ptarmigan, male "Ptarmigan9"
Willow Ptarmigan, female "Lagopus in Abisko"
Doves and Pigeons
White Wing Dove "Zenaida asiatica"
Turtle Dove "Orientalturtledove"
Eurasian Dove and variants "Streptopelia decaocto"
Rock Dove "Paloma bravía"
Bandtailed Pigeon "Patagioenas fasciata"
Inca doves, Mexican doves, and others not mentioned above are assumed to be protected
Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos male female quadrat"
found in lower Colorado River drainage, West to San Diego, often mis identified as a mallard as the drake looks similar to a female mallard, but without the greenish bill but a bill that in orange like a female mallard but without the black saddle. The blue in the wing is not dark blue, but more tourquise, a similar species, the mottled duck has a green wing patch. The black duck has the blue patch, but has a darker body.
Northern Pintail, Sprig-male and female "Northern Pintails (Male & Female)"
American Wigeon, Baldpate, male "Anas americana - drake"
American Wigeon, Baldpate, female "Anas-americana"
Eurasian Wigeon, male and female "Anas penelope kuribo"
Northern Shoveller, Spoonbill-male "Northern-Shoveler Anas-clypeata"
Northern Shoveller, Spoonbill-female "Northern Shoveler-Anas clypeata"
Green Winged Teal, male and female "Anas carolinensis FWS"
Bluewinged Teal, male Hen similar to Cinnamon teal. "Anas carolinensis FWS"
Cinnamon Teal, male "Sarcelle cannelle"
Cinnamon Teal, female "Anas cyanoptera"
Red Breasted Merganser, male
Red Breasted Merganser, female
Common Scoter "Eurasian common scoter"
Surf Scoter, male "Melanitta perspicillata"
Surf Scoter, female "Melanitta perspicillata female"
Harlequin Duck "Histrionicus histrionicus drake Barnegat"
Oldsquaw, Long Tailed Duck, male "Long-tailed-duck"
Oldsquaw, Long Tailed Duck, female "Clangula-hyemalis"
Common Eider, male and female "Somateria mollissima male female"
King Eider, male "Somateria spectabilis"
Fulvous Whistling Duck, sexes alike "Dendrocygna bicolor wilhelma"
Black Bellied Whistling Duck, sexes alike
Bufflehead, male "Bucephala albeola"
Bufflehead, female "Bucephala albeola"
Canvasback, male "Aythya valisineria"
Canvasback, female "Aythya valisineria"
Common Goldeneye, male "Bucephala clangula"
Common Goldeneye, female "Bucephala clangula"
Barrow's Goldeneye, female
Ringnecked Duck, male "Aythya collaris"
Ruddy, male "Oxyura jamaicensis"
Ruddy, female "Oxyura jamaicensis"
Trumpeter Swan, adult "Trumpeter Swan Sasata" Not legal game in California
Trumpeter, juvenile "Trumpeter Swan Sasata" Not legal game in California
Whistling Swan, adult "Cygnus columbianus"
Coots, Moorhens and Gallinules
Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus Moorhens"
Gallinule "Gallinula galeata cachinnans"
There are several subspecies from the large Great Basin to the mallard size Cackler and Aleutian Goose--both of the latter have recovered sufficiently for hunting but may have lower take limits--Check!
the American Ornithologists' Union's Committee on Classification and Nomenclature split the two into two species, making cackling goose into a full species with the scientific name Branta hutchinsii. The British Ornithologists' Union followed suit in June 2005. The AOU has divided the many subspecies between the two species. The subspecies of the Canada goose were listed as:
- Atlantic Canada goose, Branta canadensis canadensis
- Interior Canada goose, Branta canadensis interior
- Giant Canada goose, Branta canadensis maxima
- Moffitt's Canada goose, Branta canadensis moffitti
- Vancouver Canada goose, Branta canadensis fulva
- Dusky Canada goose, Branta canadensis occidentalis
- part of "lesser complex:" Branta canadensis parvipes Richardson's cackling goose, hutchinsii hutchinsii) are considerably smaller.
The smallest cackling goose, B. h. minima, is scarcely larger than a mallard.
Two species: the Common Snow Goose and the mallard size Ross Goose. Both come in blue phases--the Blue Goose (Snow) and the rarer blue phase Ross.
A sea goose--careful of the season usually starts in November and done in December--smaller limits. The Black Brant is the California bird.
Lesser Snow Goose "Anas cyanoptera"
White-Fronted Goose "Anser albifrons"
Sand Hill Crane
This bird is not huntable in California, pending the resolution of a sub-speciation debate.
Starling "Toulouse - Sturnus vulgaris"
English Sparrow, Male "Passer domesticus"
English Sparrow, Female "House Sparrow Passer domesticus"
Brown Headed Cowbird, Male "Molothrus ater"
Brown Headed Cowbird, Female "Molothrus ater"
Regulated Migratory Non-Game
Crow "Corvus brachyrhynchos"
Raven "Corvus corax jouveniles".
Currently a Protected Species-regional depredation hunts proposed, but, so far nothing. . .
Salt Water Fish
Unless otherwise noted, this data has come from the Shark Research Committee. See http://www.sharkresearchcommittee.com
Those known or strongly suspected to have attacked humans are marked in RED
Frilled Shark - Chlamydoselachus anguineus
only one Pacific Coast record: Pt. Arguello, California
Broadnose Sevengill Shark - Notorynchus cepedianus
British Columbia to Gulf of California; most abundant off Central California
Bluntnose Sixgill Shark - Hexanchus griseus
Alaska to Bahia de Todos Santos, northern Baja California
Prickly Shark - Echinorhinus cookei
Moolach Beach, Oregon, to Baja California and Gulf of California
Spiny Dogfish - Squalus acanthias
Bering Sea and Alaska to central Baja California
Combtooth Dogfish - Centroscyllium nigrum
Southern California to Strait of Magellan, Chile
Pacific Sleeper Shark - Somniosus pacificus
Bering Sea and Alaska to Baja California; in shallow waters in northern part of its range, but in deep water from California southward
Pygmy Shark - Euprotomicrus bispinatus
Rare off California coast; Found well offshore
Cookiecutter Shark - Isistius brasiliensis
Baja California south to Isla Galapagos
Pacific Angel Shark - Squatina Californica
southern Alaska to Baja California and Gulf of California; to depth of 186 meters in Gulf of California
Horn Shark - Heterodontus francisci
Central California to Gulf of California and southward, probably to Ecuador and Peru; rare north of Southern California
Mexican Horn Shark - Heterodontus mexicanus
Bahia Magdalena, southern Baja California, into the Gulf of California and southward to Peru
Whale Shark - Rhincodon typus
occasionally off Southern California
Nurse Shark - Ginglymostoma cirratum
southern Baja California into Gulf of California and southward to Peru
Goblin Shark - Mitsukurina owstoni
only one Pacific Coast record, from Southern California
Ragged-Tooth Shark - Odontaspis ferox
Southern California and Malpelo Island, Mexico
Megamouth Shark - Megachasma pelagios
Pelagic Thresher - Alopias pelagicus
Southern California southward; oceanic, epipelagic
Bigeye Thresher Shark - Alopias superciliosus
California to Gulf of California
Common Thresher - Alopias vulpinus
Goose Bay, British Columbia, to Chile
Crocodile Shark - Pseudocarcharias kamoharai
Basking Shark - Cetorhinus maximus
Aleutian Islands and Gulf of Alaska to Gulf of California
Salmon Shark - Lamna ditropis
Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska to central Baja California
White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias
Gulf of Alaska to Gulf of California, mostly shallow coastal waters
Shortfin Mako - Isurus oxyrinchus
British Columbia to Chile
Brown Catshark - Apristurus brunneus
southeastern Alaska to northern Baja California; deep (137-1298 meters)
Longnose Catshark - Apristurus kampae
Cape Blanco, Oregon, southward to Southern California and Gulf of California;deep (180-1888 meters)
Swell Shark - Cephaloscyllium ventriosum
Monterey Bay, Central California, to Acapulco, Mexico
Lollipop Catshark - Cephalurus cephalus
Southern Baja California and Gulf of California
Peppered Catshark - Galeus piperatus
Filetail Catshark - Parmaturus xaniurus
Cape Foulweather, Oregon, to Baja California and Gulf of California
Grey Smoothhound - Mustelus californicus
Cape Mendocino, Northern California, to Mazatlan, Mexico
Sharptooth Smoothhound - Mustelus dorsalis
Gulf of California
Brown Smoothhound - Mustelus henlei
Coos Bay, Oregon, to Gulf of California
Sicklefin Smoothhound - Mustelus lunulatus
San Diego, California, to Peru
Leopard Shark - Triakis semifasciata
Oregon to Baja California and northern Gulf of California
Soupfin Shark - Galeorhinus galeus
northern British Columbia to Bahia San Juanico, central Baja California
Tiger Shark - Galeocerdo cuvier
Southern California; possibly north to southeastern Alaska
Pacific Sharpnose Shark - Rhizoprionodon longurio
Southern California to Peru
Mallethead Shark, Scalloped Bonnethead - Sphyrna corona
Gulf of California and southern Mexico to Peru
Scalloped Hammerhead - Sphyrna lewini
Santa Barbara, Southern California, southward
Scoophead Shark - Sphyrna media
Gulf of California to Ecuador, probably to northern Peru
Great Hammerhead - Sphyrna mokarran
southen Baja California southward to Peru
Bonnethead - Sphyrna tiburo
San Diego, California, to Peru
Smooth Hammerhead - Sphyrna zygaena
Silvertip Shark - Carcharhinus albimarginatus
southern Baja California southward to Colombia
Bignose Shark - Carcharhinus altimus
Gulf of California to southern Mexico
Copper Shark - Carcharhinus brachyurus
Gulf of California
Silky Shark - Carcharhinus falciformis
Southern Baja California southward to Peru
Galapagos Shark - Carcharhinus galapagensis
Southern Baja California southward to Colombia
Bull Shark - Carcharhinus leucas
Southern Baja California southward to Peru
Blacktip Shark - Carcharhinus limbatus
San Diego, California, southward
Oceanic Whitetip- Carcharhinus longimanus
Monterey, Central California, to Gaviota, Southern California and southward
Dusky Shark - Carcharhinus obscurus
Redondo Beach, Southern California to Gulf of California
Sandbar Shark - Carcharhinus plumbeus
southern tip of Baja Peninsula and Revillagigedo Islands
Smalltail Shark - Carcharhinus porosus
Gulf of California southward to Peru
Whitenose Shark - Nasolamia velox
Lemon Shark - Negaprion brevirostris
southern Baja California and Gulf of California to Ecuador
Blue Shark - Prionace glauca
Gulf of Alaska to Chile
ALL THE SHARKS MAY CURRENTLY BE TAKEN EXCEPT GREAT WHITE SHARKS
Ratfish "Hydrolagus colliei"
There are perhaps a hundred subspecies of cichlids called "tilapia." They are a non-native species, planted in Southern California waters south of the Tehachapi mountains, in the belief that they would not reproduce and/or are escapees from the the six southern California counties licensed for tilapia aquaculture.
Buffalo Fish "Ictiobus cyprinellus"
Squawfish, Pike Minnows
Do NOT SHOOT COLORADO RIVER PIKEMINNOWS--they can be quite large--2-3 feet! They are endangered! Upper Colorado River Endangered Fish Recovery Program
Sucker "Catostomus commersonii"
watch for closures in the Colorado River drainage. There are several species, the most common is the white sucker, pictured.
there are several chubs--the dimunitive arroyo chub of San Diego, Orange, Santa Ana River drainage possibly upstream to San Bernardino, Los Angeles, Ventura, and Santa Barbara Counties are on a watch list if not listed--Do not shoot.
A non native non-game fish
Fin fish may be taken, too, except for black sea bass, garibaldi, gulf grouper, broomtail grouper, trout, salmon, striped bass, and broadbill swordfish. Check for size restrictions on the different bass, any seasonal restrictions, and remember that archery equipment is not allowed within 100 yards of the mouth of any stream accessing ocean waters north of Ventura County or on any trip pursuing marlin or swordfish.
Bullfrog "North American bullfrog"
Mojave Rattlesnake "Crotalus scutulatusa"
Speckled Rattlesnake "Crotalus michellii"
Sidewinder "Crotalus cerastes"
Red Diamondback "Crotalus ruber"
Western Diamondback "Crotalus atrox"
Prairie Rattlesnake "Crotalus viridis"
Northern Pacific Rattlesnake "Crotalus oreganus"
Great Basin Rattlesnake "Crotalus lutosus"
Southern Pacific Rattlesnake "Crotalus helleri"